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Low, Francis Stuart (1894-1964)


Photograph of Francis S. Low

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Francis Low was a submarine officer on of the staff of the Chief of Naval Operations when war broke out in the Pacific. It was Low who first suggested a strike against Japan by Army bombers launched from a carrier. This suggestion led to the Doolittle Raid.

Low commanded heavy cruiser Wichita at the Battle of Rennell Island before being recalled to Washington to serve as chief of staff of 10 Fleet, the Navy's antisubmarine command for the Atlantic. Although King was nominally commander of 10 Fleet, Low was responsible for day to day direction of the American contribution to what Churchill later identified as the crucial naval campaign of the Second World War. He was a strong supporter of operational research.

Low commanded Cruiser Division 16 in the Okinawa campaign.

Service record

1894

Born in Albany, New York
1915
Ensign
Graduates from Naval Academy
1923

Staff, Submarine Division 13
1926

Naval War College
1932

Staff, Submarine Squadron 5
1935

Commander, DD Paul Jones
1937

Commander, Submarine Division 13
1940-12

Staff, Chief of Naval Operations
1942-9
Captain
Commander, CA Wichita
1943-4-6       
Rear admiral     
Chief of staff, 10 Fleet
1945-1

Commander, Cruiser Division 16
1947

Commander, Service Forces, Pacific
1950
Vice admiral
Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Logistics
1953

Commander, Western Sea Frontier

References

Morison (1959)

Pettibone (2006)

uss-hornet.org (accessed 2011-5-9)



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