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Maruyama Masao (1889-1957)


Photograph of Maruyama Masao

U.S. Marine Corps. Via ibiblio.org

Maruyama commanded 2 Division under 16 Army at Cam Ranh Bay when war broke out. His division participated in the seizure of Java before being rushed to Guadalcanal, landing on the night of 9-10 October 1942 (Larrabee 1987):

From now on, the occupying of Guadalcanal Island is under the observation of the whole world. Do not expect to return, not even one man, if the occupation is not successful.

Another version is more longwinded (Hoffman 2001):

This is the decisive battle between Japan and the United States in which the rise or fall of the Japanese Empire will be decided. If we do not succeed in the occupation of these islands, no one should expect to return alive to Japan. [We] must overcome the hardship caused by the lack of material and push on unendingly by displaying invincible teawmwork. Hit the proud enemy with an iron fist so he will not be able to rise again.

Maruyama attempted to envelop Henderson Field by marching through the dense jungle to the south, but he received faulty intelligence, the morale of his men was poor, and he had difficulty coordinating his attack, which was repulsed on 23-24 October 1942 with heavy losses. The remainder of his division was evacuated from Guadalcanal on 4-5 February 1943 and sent to the Philippines to recuperate.  Maruyama was replaced as 2 Division commander in November 1943 and survived the war.

Service record

1889     

Born
1934
Colonel     
Military attache, United Kingdom
1936

Chief, 6 Section (European and American Intelligence), 2 Bureau, General Staff
1937

Commander, 4 Imperial Guards Regiment
1938
Major general      
6 Brigade
1939

Imperial Guards Division
1940

Commander, 3 Independent Garrison Unit
1941
Lieutenant general     
Commander, 2 Division
1943

General Staff
1944

Retires
1957

Dies


References

Dupuy et al. (1992)

Fuller (1992)

Generals.dk (accessed 2008-2-21)

Hoffman (2001)

Hough, Ludwig, and Shaw (accessed 2012-6-29)

Larrabee (1987)



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