The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
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Frank Merrill was born in Massachusetts and enlisted in the Army in 1922, serving in Panama before being appointed to West Point (graduating in 1929 as a cavalryman.) He was assigned to the Tokyo embassy as a language officer in 1938 and had spent some time as an observer with the Japanese Army. He was an intelligence officer on MacArthur's staff when war broke out. On a mission to Rangoon at the time, he remained in Burma and served with Stilwell during the first Burma campaign.
Promoted to colonel in early 1943, Merrill was
given command of the 5307
Provisional Regiment, better known to history
as Merrill's Marauders.
He was promoted to brigadier general shortly thereafter and led the
Marauders into combat in northern Burma in February 1944. However,
Merrill suffered from heart trouble and only led his regiment for part
of the campaign. In August 1944 he was transferred to non-combat liaison
By April 1945 Merrill was well enough to serve as chief of staff of 10 Army under Buckner. When Buckner was killed in action on 22 June 1945, Merrill took over command and was in this post when the war ended.
Postwar, Merrill served as chief of staff of 6
Army and as an adviser to the Philippines. He retired in
Merrill was described as "a very bright fellow with
a fine New England sense of humor and great dedication to whatever he
was about" (Cowdrey 1994).
||Enlists in the Army
||Graduates from West Point as a cavalryman|
||Military attache, Japan
||Intelligence officer, USAFFE
||Deputy chief of staff,
||Limited duty for health reasons
||Chief of staff, 10 Army
||Chief of staff, 6 Army
Dupuy et al. (1992)
Generals.dk (accessed 2008-6-2)
Romanus and Sunderland (1953)
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