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Oyen, Ludolph Hendrik van (1889-1953)


Photograph of Ludolph van Oyen disembarking from
          aircraft

NARA

Though not an aviator, Oyen commanded the Dutch air forces in southeast Asia and oversaw its expansion prior to war breaking out in the Pacific.  He was actually present at Pearl Harbor, returning from an aircraft purchasing mission to the United States, and witnessed the attack on the American base. He became deputy air commander of ABDA and escaped the debacle in Java in March 1942, escaping by air three days before the surrender of the Netherlands East Indies. He eventually taking command of the remnants of the Dutch Army forces in the Southwest Pacific.

Service record

1889-4-25     

Born
1906

Cadet School, Alkmaar
1911
Second lieutenant     
Graduates from Royal Military Academy, Breda and commissioned in the Royal Netherlands Indian Army
1925
Captain
Graduates from War College
1934
Major
Head, Aviation Department, General Staff
1940-6-15     
Major general

1941-7-27     

Commander, Army Air Forces, Netherlands East Indies
1942-4     

Commandant, Dutch Military Flying School, United States
1943-10     
Lieutenant general      Commander, Dutch Army Forces, Australia
1945

Commander, Dutch Army Forces, Batavia
1946-1-31

Retires
1953-7-28     

Dies at The Hague


References

Biographical Dictionary of the Netherlands (accessed 2014-3-28; Dutch language site)

Generals.dk (accessed 2008-6-11)

The Netherlands East Indies 1941-1942 (accessed 2008-6-11)


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