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Wachi Takaji (1893-1978)


Photograph of Wachi Takaji

Wikipedia Commons

Wachi Takaji (Wachi Yoji) was born in Hiroshima and graduated from the Military Academy in 1914 and the Army Staff College in 1922. An expert of China, he served as military attaché at Tsinan in 1928-1929 and served with Kwantung Army during the seizure of Manchuria. He unsuccessfully tried to encourage revolts by Li Tsung-jen and Pai Chung-hsi in south China, and was one of the officers responsible for creating the Marco Polo Bridge Incident of 7 July 1937. He also attempted unsuccessfully to negotiate an end to the war in China in 1938 by contacting Ho Ying-chin.

Wachi continued to hold staff posts in China until 1941, when he became chief of staff of 10 Area Army in Formosa and simultaneously headed the Research Division, which planned the land warfare side of the Centrifugal Offensive. He was reassigned as chief of staff of 14 Army in the Philippines after Imperial General Headquarters expressed its displeasure with 14 Army by shaking up its staff. He sat to Homma's right during the negotiations for the surrender of Corregidor and served as chief of the military government of the Philippines. He served as vice chief of staff of Southern Area Army from March 1944 to September 1945, with a brief assignment as chief of staff of 35 Army during the second Philippines campaign. He was convicted of war crimes for his actions in the Philippines and was sentenced to six years' hard labor.

Service record

1893-2-1     

Born in Hiroshima
1914
Second lieutenant     

1921

Army Staff College
1925

Military attaché, south China
1928

Military attaché, Tsinan
1931

Staff, Kwantung Army
1932

Military attaché, Canton
1935

Head, Taiyuan Special Agency
1936

Staff, China Garrison Army
1937
Colonel
Commander, 44 Regiment, China
1938

Headquarters, Taiwan Army District
1938

General Staff
1938

Imperial General Headquarters
1939

21 Army
1939

China Expeditionary Army
1940
Major general General Staff
1941-3-1

Chief of staff, 10 Area Army
1942-2-20

Chief of staff, 14 Army, Philippines
1943
Lieutenant general     
1944-3-22     

Vice chief of staff, Southern Army
1944-11-14

Chief of staff, 35 Army, Philippines
1945-4-6

Vice chief of staff, Southern Army
1945-9-22      

Head, Kempeitai, Hiroshima
1945

Retires
1946

Arrested for war crimes
1948

Sentenced to 6 years' imprisonment
1950

Paroled
1978-10-30     

Dies


References

ABD-Clio.com (accessed 2012-10-8)

Dupuy et al. (1992)

Generals.dk (accessed 2012-10-8)

Morton (1952; accessed 2012-10-8)

Pettibone (2007)



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