graduate

Yanagida Genzo (1890-1952)


Photograph of Yanagida Genzo

U.S. Army. Via ibiblio.org

Yanagida commanded 33 Division under 15 Army in Burma in late 1943. At this time, he had no previous combat experience. His division was part of the U-Go offensive and began moving against Imphal on 7 March 1944. By 29 March his division had suffered heavy losses and he recommended slowing the advance, which infuriated his superiors. Mutaguchi wanted him court-martialed for cowardice, but settled for forcing him into retirement on 9 May 1944.

Yanagida was later recalled to command the garrison of Port Arthur and was captured by the Russians during their Manchurian offensive. He never returned to Japan.

Yanagida is described by Drea (2009) as "a polished staff officer with no combat experience." Yanagida regarded Mutaguchi as "an idiot", while Mutaguchi in return thought him a "gutless bastard." Yanagida seems to have been deeply affected by the sight of Japanese casualties, shutting himself up in his tent when a column of wounded men passed through his headquarters. His own chief of staff was "wild with rage" at Yanagida for so quickly giving up on U-Go.

Service record

1936     
Colonel     
Staff, Imperial Guards Division
1937

Chief, Recruiting Section, Military Affairs Bureau, Ministry of War
1938

Commander, 1 Regiment
1939-1-31
Major general
Vice chief of staff, 11 Army
1940

Head, Harbin Special Agency, Manchuria
1940

Assistant Chief of Intelligence, Kwantung Army
1943-3-1
Lieutenant general      
Commander, 33 Division, Burma
1944-5-9     

Retired
1944

Recalled. Commandant, Port Arthur Fortress
1945

Commander, Kwantung Defense Command
1945

Prisoner of war, Russia
1952

Dies in prison camp


References

Allen (1984)

Drea (2009)

Fuller (1992)

Generals.dk (accessed 2008-7-5)

Pettibone (2007)



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