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Buckley Class, U.S. Destroyer Escorts


Photograph of Buckley-class destroyer
                  escort

U.S. Navy

Schematic diagram of Buckley class
              destroyer escort

ONI 54-R


Specifications:


Tonnage

1400 tons standard

Dimensions

306' by 36'8" by 13'6"
93.27m by 11.18m by 4.11m

Maximum speed     

23 knots

Complement

186

Armament

3x1 3"/50 AA guns
1x3 21" torpedo tubes
1x4 1.1" machine gun
8 20mm Oerlikon AA guns
Hedgehog projector
8 depth charge projectors
2 depth charge racks
Machinery
2-shaft GEC turbines (12,000 shp)
2 boilers

Fuel

340 tons fuel oil

Range

5000 nautical miles (9300 km) at 15 knots
Sensors
QC sonar
Modifications
All received radar
Some were refit with two 5"/38 guns in place of the 3", but not in time to see significant combat.

The Buckleys, completed in 1943-44, were the most numerous wartime destroyer escort class, incorporating lessons learned from the Evarts class. The hulls were lengthened to accommodate more powerful turboelectric drive, giving the ships a speed just short of the 24 knots desired for destroyer escorts. Originally designed to mount 5"/38 guns, the class had to settle for the 3"/50s because larger fleet units (particularly destroyers) had higher priority for the more capable weapon. Some units were subsequently refit with the 5" guns, in two single mounts, but few were refit in time to see combat.

Several of the ships were converted to high-speed transports; often these were employed to take underwater demolition teams close to shore. These are listed as the Charles Lawrence class.


Units in the Pacific:

Foreman

completed 1943-10-22 (San Francisco)

Coolbaugh

arrived 1943-11-4
Harmon
arrived 1943-11-14

Whitehurst

completed 1943-11-19 (San Francisco)
Greenwood
arrived 1943-12-6

England

completed 1943-12-10 (San Francisco)

Loeser

arrived 1943-12-18

Manning

arrived 1943-12-20

Witter

completed 1943-12-29 (San Francisco)     

Spangler

arrived 1943-12-31

Darby

arrived 1944-1

Neuendorf

arrived 1944-1-7

James E. Craig

arrived 1944-1-8

Lovelace

arrived 1944-1-9

George

arrived 1944-1-25

Bowers

completed 1944-1-27 (San Francisco)

Eichenberger

arrived 1944-2

Raby

arrived 1944-2-17

Willmarth

completed 1944-3-13 (San Francisco)

Gendreau

completed 1944-3-17 (San Francisco)

Thomason

arrived 1944-3-21

J. Douglas Blackwood     

arrived 1944-3-23

Fieberling

completed 1944-4-11 (San Francisco)

Osmus

arrived 1944-5-1

William C. Cole

completed 1944-5-12 (San Francisco)

Paul G. Baker

completed 1944-5-25 (San Francisco)

Damon M. Cummings

completed 1944-6-29 (San Francisco

Vammen

completed 1944-7-27 (San Francisco)

Liddle

arrived 1944-9-29

Currier

arrived 1944-10

Marsh

arrived 1944-10-18
Newman
arrived 1944-10-26

Bull

arrived 1944-11

Cronin

arrived 1944-12

Earl V. Johnson

arrived 1944-12

Frybarger

arrived 1945-1

Holton

arrived 1945-1-1

Wiseman

arrived 1945-1-18

Ahrens

arrived 1945-2

Gunason

arrived 1945-2-4

Weeden

arrived 1945-2-4

Underhill

arrived 1945-2-13 Sunk by kaiten 1945-7-24 off Luzon

Major

arrived 1945-2-28

Gillette

arrived 1945-4-24

Henry R. Kenyon

arrived 1945-5-22

Photo Gallery

Profile view of Buckley

U.S. Navy

Bow view of Buckley class

U.S. Navy

High side view of Buckley

U.S. Navy

Stern view of Buckley class

U.S. Navy

Superstructure view of Buckley class, with kamikaze
                damage

U.S. Navy

ONI 54R page for Buckley class

U.S. Navy

ONI 54R page for Buckley class

U.S. Navy

High side view of Buckley

U.S. Navy

References

DANFS

Whitley (1988)

Worth (2001)



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