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Evarts Class, U.S. Destroyer Escorts


Photograph of Evarts-class destroyer escort

U.S. Navy

Schematic of Evarts class destroyer
              escort

ONI 222


Specifications:


Tonnage

1192 tons standard

Dimensions

289'4" by 35'1" by 11'10"
88.19m by 10.69m by 3.61m

Maximum speed     

21.5 knots

Complement

156

Armament

3 3"/50 AA guns
1x2 40mm Bofors guns
9 20mm Oerlikon AA guns
1 Hedgehog projector
8 depth charge projectors
2 depth charge racks
Machinery
2-shaft General Motor Tandem Diesel diesel-electric (6000 bhp)

Range

6000 nautical miles (11,000 km) at 12 knots
Sensors
QC sonar
Modifications
All received radar


The Evarts, completed in 1943-44, were the U.S. Navy's first attempt at a destroyer escort. The Navy had discussed constructing small, inexpensive destroyers for convoy escort before the war, but there was reluctance to build what were viewed as second-class destroyers. However, British experienced in 1940 made it clear that great numbers of vessels were required for escort duty. In June 1941 the British military mission requested 100 vessels based on a U.S. Navy conceptual design for a 280' (85m) ship with two 5"/38 dual-purpose guns and a triple torpedo bank, as well as extensive antisubmarine gear, capable of 24 knots.

Because of shortages of both 5"/38 guns and machinery, the Evarts were armed with 3"/50 guns instead, which were adequate against surfaced submarines, the destroyer escort's prey. The ships used diesel engines which proved badly underpowered, giving a maximum speed far short of the desired 24 knots. However, the antisubmarine gear was generous and regularly updated with the latest improvements. The class was infamous for its pronounced tendency to roll.

Astonishingly, none were lost during the war.


Units in the Pacific:

Whitman

completed 1943-1-19 (Mare Island)

Edward C. Daley

completed 1943-4-3 (Mare Island)

Steele

arrived 1943-4-13

Gilmore

completed 1943-4-17 (Mare Island)

Burden R. Hastings     

completed 1943-5-1 (Mare Island)

LeHardy

completed 1943-5-15 (Mare Island)

Wileman

completed 1943-6-11 (Mare Island)

Charles R. Greer

completed 1943-6-25 (Mare Island)

Griswold

arrived 1943-7-1

Wintle

completed 1943-7-10 (Mare Island)

Dempsey

completed 1943-7-24 (Mare Island)

Bebas

arrived 1943-8

Carlson

arrived 1943-8

Crouter

arrived 1943-8

Engstrom

arrived 1943-8

Duffy

completed 1943-8-5 (Mare Island)

Emery

completed 1943-8-14 (Mare Island)

Greiner

completed 1943-8-18 (Bremerton)

Stadtfeld

completed 1943-8-26 (Mare Island)

Seid

arrived 1943-9-1

Wyman

completed 1943-9-1 (Bremerton)

William C. Miller

arrived 1943-9-3

Martin

completed 1943-9-4 (Mare Island)

Sederstrom

completed 1943-9-11 (Mare Island)

Lovering

arrived 1943-9-17

Fleming

completed 1943-9-18 (Mare Island)

Cabana

arrived 1943-10

Cloues

arrived 1943-10

Dionne

arrived 1943-10

Tisdale

completed 1943-10-11 (Mare Island)

Brackett

completed 1943-10-18 (Bremerton)

Eisele

completed 1943-10-18 (Mare Island)

Fair

completed 1943-10-23 (Mare Island)

Elden

arrived 1943-10

Sanders

completed 1943-10-1 (Bremerton)

Canfield

arrived 1943-10-22

Deede

arrived 1943-11

Reynolds

completed 1943-11-1 (Bremerton)

Manlove

completed 1943-11-8 (Mare Island)

Mitchell

completed 1943-11-17 (Bremerton)

Austin

completed 1943-12-3 (Mare Island)

Donaldson

arrived 1944-1

Lake

completed 1944-2-5 (Mare Island)

Lyman

arrived 1944-2-19

Crowley

completed 1944-3-25 (Mare Island)

Rall

completed 1944-4-8 (Mare Island)

Halloran

completed 1944-5-27 (Mare Island)

Finnegan

completed 1944-8-19 (Mare Island)

Connolly

arrived 1944-9


References

DANFS

Friedman (2004)

Whitley (1988)

Worth (2001)


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