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E16A “Paul”, Japanese Reconnaissance Floatplane


Photograph of E16A "Paul"
Wikipedia Commons


Aichi E16A1 Zuiun ("Auspicious Cloud") "Paul"


Specifications:


Crew Two in tandem cockpit
Dimensions 42'0" by 35'7" by 15'9"
12.81m by 10.83m by 4.79m
Wing area 301 square feet
28 square meters
Weight 6,493-10,038 lbs
2945-4553 kg
Speed 273 mph at 18,045 feet
439 km/h at 5500 meters
Cruising speed       207 mph at 16,405 feet
333 km/h at 5000 meters
Climb rate 35 feet per second
10.7 meters per second
Ceiling 32,810 feet
10,000 meters
Power plant One 1300 hp (970 kW) Mitsubishi MK8A Kinsei 51 14-cylinder air-cooled radial engine driving a three-blade constant-speed metal propeller.
Armament Two wing-mounted 7.7mm Type 97 machine guns
One flexible 13mm Type 2 machine gun in the rear cockpit
External stores 2 250 kg (551 lb) bombs
Range Normal 731 miles (1180 km)
Maximum 1,504 miles (2420 km)
Production A total of 256 E16As were built.

Aichi Kokuki K.K., Eitoku:
  3 E16A1 prototypes (1942)
  193 E16A1 production aircraft (1944-1 to 1945-5)
  1 E16A2 prototype (1944)

Nippon Hikoki K.K. at Tomioka:
  59 E16A1 production aircraft (1944-8 to 1945-8)
Variants
Late production aircraft were powered by the 1300 hp (970 kW) MK8D Kinsei 54. This engine differed little from the Kinsei 51 in performance.


"Paul" was the replacement for the E13A "Jake" but did not come into service before the Japanese had lost control of the air. Requirements were first drafted in 1939, before "Jake" had even come into full production, but disagreements over the requirements prevented serious design work until October 1940, when a team lead by Matsuo Kishiro and Ozawa Yasushiro began drafting the new design. The prototype was completed in May 1942 and was of all-metal construction except for wingtips, tailplane and some control surfaces. The wings could be folded for storage. The type went into production in August 1943.

"Paul" suffered heavy losses in the Philippines, and most of the survivors were expended as kamikazes in the Okinawa campaign. Oddly enough, it was designed to be capable of dive bombing, being equipped with dive brakes on the forward float struts.

References

Francillon (1979)

Wilson (1998)



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