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Goodenough Island

Relief map of D'Entrecasteaux Islands

Goodenough Island (150.26E 9.37S) is the westernmost island of the D'Entrecasteaux group north of the eastern tip of New Guinea. Some 20 miles (32 km) long and 10 miles (16 km) wide, it is reputed to be the most mountainous island for its size in the world, with its peak at 8500' (2590 meters). Its high relief is further emphasized by its significant flat coastal plains.

A group of 353 troops from 5 Sasebo SNLF were stranded here on 26 August 1942 when Allied aircraft destroyed the seven large barges on which they were being transported after they had stopped to take a rest. On 22 October 1942 MacArthur assigned two destroyers to land 800 Australian troops from 2/12 Battalion, 18 Brigade on the southeast tip of island, who trapped the stranded Japanese troops. Most of the surviving Japanese were evacuated by submarine on the night of 26 October, leaving a rear guard of 40 troops who were annihilated by the Allied forces.

An airstrip was subsequently build at Vivigani (150.321E 9.306S), on the northeast coast of the island, and the island hosted the rear echelon of 1 Marine Division during the Cape Gloucester campaign.

References

Alexander (2009)

Mayo (1974)

Morison (1950)

PacificWrecks.com (accessed 2010-8-13)

Rottman (2002)



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