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Kent Class, British Heavy Cruisers


Photograph of Kent-class heavy cruiser

Imperial War Museum. Via Wikipedia Commons


Specifications:


Tonnage 10,900 tons standard displacement
Dimensions 584'4" by 67'6" by 20'6"
178.10m by 20.57m by 12.34m
Maximum speed       31.5 knots
Complement 679
Aircraft
1 catapult
1 seaplane
Armament 4x2 8"/50 guns
4x2 4"/45 dual-purpose guns
2x8 2pdr AA guns
2x4 0.50 machine guns
Protection 4.5" (114mm) belt (machinery)
1.5" (38mm) deck (machinery)
4" (102mm) box (magazines)
3" (76mm) deck (magazines)
1" (25mm) bulkheads
1.5" (38mm) deck (steering)
1" (25mm) turret
1" (25mm) barbette
1" (25mm) bridge
5'3" (1.6m) torpedo bulges
Machinery
4-shaft Parsons geared turbines (80,000 shp)
8 Admiralty 3-drum boilers
Bunkerage 3400 tons fuel oil
Range 10,400 nautical miles (19,300km) at 14 knots


Also known as the County class, the Kents were built in 1928. They were notable for a failed attempt to give their main armament a useful antiaircraft capability, by designing the turrets so that the main guns could be elevated to 70°. Their armor protection was originally badly arranged and barely adequate against 6" gunfire, constituting just 10% of the displacement, but was considerably increased during modernization in 1936-1937. They were disliked by the Royal Navy because they had large crews and were unsuited for "showing the flag," the Navy's primary peacetime mission.


Units in the Pacific:

Cornwall      

1942-3-26      

Sunk 1942-5-5 off Ceylon


References

Gogin (2010; accessed 2012-12-25)

Whitley (1995)

Worth (2001)



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