The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
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Tachikawa Ki-54 "Hickory"
|Crew||2 to 9|
|Dimensions||39'2" x 58'8" x
11.94m by 17.88m by 3.58m
|Speed||234 mph at 6560
377 km/h at 2000 meters
240 k m/h
|Climb rate||13.5 feet per second
4.1 meters per second
|Power plant||Two 450 hp (336 kW) Army Type 99 nine-cylinder radial engines (Hitachi Ha-13a) driving two-blade propellers.|
|Armament||Four flexible 7.7mm Type 89 machine guns and practice bombs.|
|Range||597 miles at 149
960 km at 240 km/h
The Ki-54c was a light transports carrying up to
passengers. The similar Y-59 was produced in small numbers for civilian
The Ki-54d was an antisubmarine patrol aircraft carrying 8 60 kg (132 lb) depth charges. Only a few were built and they saw little action.
The Ki-54 was a very successful trainer that was also produced in a transport version. The design was requested in late 1939 and was required to closely match the handling and performance of the Army's twin-engine bombers. The prototype first flew in the summer of 1940 and the design went into production in 1941. Though meant to train entire bomber crews, early production was designed primarily for pilot training (Ki-54a). Later production (Ki-54b) had gun stations for training four gunners.
A few were converted to antisubmarine duty. Wooden transport and tanker versions
were planned but never went into production. Allied intelligence assigned the name
"Joyce" to a nonexistent light
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