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New York Class, U.S. Battleships


Photograph of USS Texas, a New York class battleship

Naval Historical Center #NH-2792

Schematic diagram of New York class battleship

ONI 222


Specifications:


Tonnage 29,500 tons standard displacement
Dimensions 573'2" by 106"4" by 31'6"
174.70m by 32.41m by 9.60m
Maximum speed       21 knots
Complement 1470
Aircraft 1 capapult
3 seaplanes
Armament 5x2 14"/45 guns
8x1 6 5"/51 guns
10x1 3"/50 AA guns
4x4 1.1"/75 AA guns
8 0.50 machine guns
Protection 11,900 tons:
12" (305mm) belt
3.5"+1.5"+0.5" (89mm+38mm+13mm) main deck
11" (279mm) bulkheads
14" (356mm) turret faces
12" (305mm) barbettes
12" (305mm) conning tower
15' (5m) torpedo bulges
Machinery
2-shaft 4-cylinder triple expansion reciprocating (28,100 shp)
14 Babcock & Wilcox boilers
Bunkerage 5200 tons fuel oil
Range 7284 nautical miles (13,500 km) at 12 knots
Sensors
CXAM air search radar
Modifications

1942-8: Added 4x4 1.1" guns and 42 20mm Oerlikon AA guns.

1943-4 to 1943-10: All 1.1" guns replaced with quad 40mm Bofors AA guns.

Late 1944: Light antiaircraft is 10x4 40mm and 44x1, 1x2 20mm guns.


The New Yorks were among the oldest U.S. battleships still in commission. They were based on the Wyoming class, but with 14" (356mm) main armament and slightly thicker armor. Built in 1914, before the all-or-nothing armor revolution, they were modernized to bring their protection to 40% of displacement, with adequate deck armor.  They lacked range and stability, suffered from unreliable machinery, and were poor sea boats.  However, they gave useful service in the European theater, and the New York herself joined the Pacific Fleet just in time to be slightly damaged by a kamikaze. New York also served as a test platform for early naval radars, so that she began the war with CXAM already installed.


Units in the Pacific:

Texas

Arrived 1944-11

New York     

Arrived 1944-11-28


References

DANFS

Worth (2001)



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