The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
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Japanese Army. Via Wikipedia Commons
Obata Hideyoshi was born in Osaka prefecture and
was commissioned a
cavalry officer in 1911.
A graduate of the Army Staff College, he had also served as a military
and resident officer in India.
He commanded the Akeno Army Air School in 1938-1940.
Obata commanded 5
Air Division in Formosa
at the outbreak of war. His air division subsequently fought in Burma, with its first bombing raid
taking place on
31 December 1941. He was given command of 3 Air Army in March
1943 but recalled to Tokyo
Obata was given command of 31 Army, built around 29 and 52 Divisions, on 18 February 1944. He warned Nagumo that supplies for building fortifications were required at once (Toland 1971):
Specifically, unless the units are supplied with cement, steel reinforcements for cement, barbed wire, lumber, etc., which cannot be obtained in these islands, no matter how many soldiers there are they can do nothing in regard to fortifications but sit around with their arms folded, and the situation is unbearable.
Obata was away from his headquarters on Saipan when the Americans invaded on
11 June 1944. Unable to return, he reestablished his headquarters at Guam. He probably committed suicide on
11 August 1944 when Japanese
Obata was described by his Navy counterpart as "extremely
intelligent and, for an army officer, of extremely broad vision"
||Born in Osaka prefecture
||Commissioned as cavalry officer
||Chief of training section, Army
||Commander, 14 Cavalry Regiment
||2 Air Group
||Director, Akeno Army Aviation
||Commandant, Akeno Army Aviation
||Army Aviation Corps
||Commander, 3 Air Army
||Commander, 31 Army
||Committed suicide on Guam|
Dupuy et al. (1992)
Hayashi and Cox (1959)
The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia © 2007-2008 by Kent G. Budge. Index
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