graduate

Swing, Joseph May (1894-1984)


Photograph of Joseph M. Swing

U.S. Army. Via Arlington National Cemetary Website

Swing was a former artillerist whose service as an artillery commander in the cavalry was excellent preparation for mastering the logistics of airborne troops. Following the fiasco of the airborne drops in Sicily, he arranged for maneuvers by 82 Airborne Division that helped dissuade Leslie McNair, the Army's Ground Forces Commander, from abolishing the divisions in favor of much smaller units resembling regimental combat teams. The Swing Board also released a report that was highly influential on subsequent paratroop doctrine.

Swing commanded 11 Airborne Division in the Luzon campaign. Though Swift insisted that his paratroops train to ride in gliders and his glider troops learn to make jumps, his division did not actually drop, but was landed south of Manila and drove north towards the city.

Swing directed the occupation of Atsugi airfield, the largest military airfield in Japan, in the first days of the occupation. Upon retirement, Swing became a commissioner of the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization.

Service record

1894-2-28     

Born at Jersey City, New Jersey
1915
Second lieutenant
Graduates from Military Academy. Assigned to 4 Field Artillery
1916
First lieutenant
8 Field Artillery
1917
Captain
Aide-de-campe, General March
1918

Aide-de-campe, Army Chief of Staff
1921

1 Field Artillery
1924
Major

1926

Command and General Staff School
1927

Instructor, Field Artillery School
1931

Office of the Chief of Field Artillery
1934

Army War College
1935

Executive officer, 6 Field ARtillery
1936
Lieutenant colonel

1938

Assistant chief of staff, G-2 (Intelligence), 2 Division
1940

Chief of staff, 2 Division
1941
Colonel       Commander, Artillery, 1 Cavalry Division
1942
Brigadier general
Commander, Artillery, 82 Division
1942-8-15     

Commander, Artillery, 82 Airborne Division
1942

War Department
1943-2
Major general     
Commander, 11 Airborne Division
1948

Commander, I Corps
1949

Commandant, Artillery School
1950

Commandant, Army War College
1951
Lieutenant general     
Commander, 6 Army
1954

Retires
1984-12-9

Dies


References

Arlington National Cemetary Website (accessed 2008-7-4)

Craig (1967)

Devlin (1979)

Dupuy et al. (1992)

Generals.dk (accessed 2008-7-4)

Perret (1991)

Pettibone (2006)



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