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Twining, Nathan Farragut (1897-1982)


Photograph of General Nathan F. Twining

U.S. Air Force. Via Wikipedia Commons

Nathan Twining was born in Wisconsin and entered the Oregon National Guard in 1916. He saw service on the Mexican border before entering West Point and graduating from the abbreviated wartime course in 1918. He attended the Infantry School in 1919-1920 and completed flight training in 1924. He rose steadily through the ranks and graduated from the Command and General Staff School in 1937.

Twining was promoted to brigadier general and took command of 13 Air Force in New Caledonia in January 1943. Promoted to major general, he relieved Marc Mitscher as COMAIRSOLS in July 1943. In January 1944 he was transferred to the Mediterranean, but in August 1945 he replaced LeMay as commander of 20 Air Force, directing the final strategic bombing attacks of the war, including the nuclear attacks.

Postwar Twining commanded the Air Material Command, transferred to the independent Air Force on its creation in 1947, and eventually rose to full general and chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He retired in 1960 to work in the publishing industry.

Service record

1897-10-11     

Born in Wisconsin
1916

Enters the Oregon National Guard
1919-6-11
Second lieutenant     
Graduates from West Point (abbreviated wartime course), standing 138th in a class of 284.
1919

Infantry School
1924

Flight training
1934     
Colonel     
Commander, 3 Attack Group, Fort Crockett, Texas
1935

3 Wing, General Headquarters Air Force, Barksdale Field, Louisiana
1935

Air Corps Tactical School
1936

Command and General Staff School
1937

Air Corps Technical Supervisor, San Antonio Air Depot
1940

Assistant chief, Inspection Division, Office of the Chief of the Air Corps
1940

Chief, Technical Inspection Section, Inspection Division, Office of the Chief of the Air Corps
1941

Operations Division, Headquarters, Army Air Forces
1942

Office of the Chief of the Air Staff, Headquarters, Army Air Forces
1942

Director, War Organization and Movement, Office of the Chief of the Air Staff, Headquarters, Army Air Forces
1942

Chief of staff, Army Forces in the South Pacific Area
1943-1-13    
Brigadier general
Commander, 13 Air Force, New Caledonia
1943-7-25    
Major general
Commander, Air, Solomon Islands
1944-1-3

Commander, 15 Air Force, Italy
1945-6-5
Lieutenant general     
Legislative and Liaison Division, Headquarters, Army Air Forces
1945

Temporary duty, Army Strategic Air Forces in the Pacific, Guam
1945-8-1

Commander, 20 Air Force, Guam
1945

Commander, Air Technical Service Command, Patterson Field, Ohio
1946

Commander, Air Materiel Command, Wright Field, Ohio
1947-11

Commander, Alaskan Department
1950

Acting Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel, Headquarters, Air Force
1950
General
Vice chief of staff, Headquarters, Air Force
1953

Chief of staff, Air Force
1957

Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff
1960

Retires
1982-3-29

Dies


References

Boatner (1996)

Dupuy et al. (1992)

Generals.dk (accessed 2008-7-12)



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