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B5N "Kate", Japanese Torpedo Bomber


Photograph of captured B5N Kate with surface search radar

U.S. Navy. Via Francillon (1979)

3-view diagram of B5N Kate

U.S. Army. Via ibiblio.org


Nakajima B5N1 “Kate”


Specifications:


Crew

2 or 3

Dimensions

50’11” by 33’11” by 12’2”
15.52m by 10.30m by 3.7m
Wing area 406 square feet
37.7 square meters

Weight

5024-9039 lbs
2279-4100 kg

Maximum speed      

235 mph at 11,810 feet
378 km/h at 3600 m

Cruising speed

161 mph at 9,845 feet
259 km/h at 3000 m

Climb rate

23 feet per second
7.0 meters per second

Ceiling

27,100 feet
8260 m

Power plant

One 1000 hp (746 kW) Nakajima NK1B Sakae 11 fourteen-cylinder air-cooled radial engine driving a three-bladed constant-speed metal propeller.

Armament

One flexible rear-firing 7.7mm Type 92 machine gun.

External stores

1 1764 lb (800 kg) Typed 91 torpedo or 1 1764 lb (800 kg) Type 99 AP bomb or 3 551 lb (250 kg) Type 99 GP bombs

Range

608 miles (978 km) normal
1240 miles (2000 km) maximum

Production

A total of 1,149 B5Ns were built as follows:

Nakajima Hikoki K.K., at Koizumi:
  669 B5N1, B5N1-K and B5N2 (1936-41)

Aichi Tokei Denki K.K., at Nagoya:
  200 B5N2 (1942-43)

Dai-Juichi Kaigun Kokusho, at Hiro:
  280 B5N2 (1942-43)

Variants

The B5N2 used a 1115hp Sakae 21 engine and was armed with dual flexible 7.7mm in the rear cockpit and two 7.7mm fixed above the forward fuselage.

Also known as the Type 97 Carrier Attack Bomber, "Kate" was the standard Japanese torpedo bomber at the start of the war. Though the design dated back to 1935 and was considered obsolescent by 1941, it remained the most important light bomber in Japanese carrier air groups until 1944. A Japanese fleet carrier air group typically included a torpedo bomber squadron of up to 27 "Kates", reflecting the importance the Japanese Navy assigned to torpedo bombers.

"Kate" introduced a number of important innovations to Japanese carrier aviation, including retractable landing gear and wings that could be folded at their midpoints for carrier stowage. The original design also featured Fowler wing flaps and hydraulic folding wings. Both proved problematic, and they and were replaced with conventional flaps and manual wing folding. "Kate" saw its first combat over China, where it was escorted by A5M "Claude" fighters and performed well in the ground support role.

Equipped with a robust and reliable aerial torpedo, the Kate sank more Allied ships than any other aircraft type. However, like most torpedo bombers, "Kate" was slow, clumsy, and vulnerable to antiaircraft and fighters. A particular weakness of the original model was that it had no forward-firing guns whatsoever.

The normal crew was three, but the observer in the second seat of the tandem cockpit was sometimes left behind to save weight.

After "Kate" was replaced in front line service by the B6N "Jill", the surviving aircraft were relegated to reconnaissance and antisubmarine duty. Some were retrofitted with surface search radar (as in the example shown in the first photograph) and magnetic anomaly submarine detection gear.

Photo Gallery

Captured B5N "Kate" in flight

NARA

B5N "Kates" in formation in 1939

NARA

B5N "Kate" takes off for Pearl Harbor attack

U.S. Navy

B5N "Kate" takes off for Coral Sea attack

Wikimedia Commons

ONI portmanteau of B5N Kate

U.S. Navy

CINCPAC intelligence sheet on B5N Kate

U.S. Navy


References

Francillon (1979)
Peattie (2001)

Sharpe et al. (1999)



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