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Kure


Photograph of Kure under air attack

National Archives #80-G-490226


Kure (132.565E 34.231N) hosted one of the four largest naval construction yards in Japan, and was a principal base of the Japanese Navy, with its own Special Naval Landing Force. It was the principal Navy shipyard for battleship, heavy cruiser, and submarine construction, and battleships Nagato and Yamato were completed here.  The Eta Jima Naval Academy was located nearby as was a naval air base. The nearby anchorage at Hashirajima was the home of most of the capital ships of Combined Fleet.  

Facilities included an oil storage tank farm at Yoshiura Point (132.519E 34.258N), a submarine yard and gunnery school at Kawaraishi (132.541E 34.246N),

The port based Submarine Division 21, Submarine Division 28. Submarine Division 29, Submarine Division 30 and was headquarters of 2 Naval District with its ships and aircraft.

Dai-Juichi Kaigun Kokusho (11 Naval Air Arsenal) was located at nearby Hiro and had the following production schedule:

Aircraft Type Average Airframes Per Month Starting Month Ending Month
B5N Kate
12
1942-1? 1943-12?
E13A Jake
2
<1941-12
1942-12?
D4Y Judy
13
1944-4
1945-7

The port was raided by carrier aircraft on 19 March 1945, which succeeded in badly damaging carrier Ryuho. A more massive series of raids on  28 July 1945 sank battleship Haruna, battleship/carriers Ise and Hyugacruisers Tone, Aoba, and Oyodo, and an escort vessel and damaged several other ships.

Rail connections

Hiroshima

Onomichi


References

Evans and Peattie (1997)

King (1946; accessed 2011-12-28)

Spurr (1981)



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