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Crater Class, U.S. Cargo Ships


Official wartime photograph of Crater class cargo ship

Mare Island Navy Yard photo # 7880-43

Schematic diagram of Crater class cargo ship

ONI 222


Specifications:


Tonnage 4023 tons light
Dimensions 441'6" by 57' by 30'
134.6m by 17.4m by 9.1m
Maximum speed       11.5 knots
Complement 204
Armament 1 5"/38 dual purpose gun
1 3"/50 AA gun
2 40mm Bofors AA guns
6 20mm Oerlikon AA guns
Machinery
1-shaft Joshua-Handy triple-expansion reciprocating (2500 shp)
Two Babcock & Wilcox boilers
Bunkerage
1110 tons
Cargo 444,206 cubic feet (12,579 m3)
7800 deadweight tons


The Craters were completed in 1942-45. They were Liberty Ships (Maritime Commission EC2-S-E1 hulls) armed and manned by Navy crews for cargo delivery close to the combat zone.


Units in the Pacific:

Crater completed 1942-10-31 (Richmond)
Adhara completed 1942-11-11 (Richmond)
Carina completed 1942-12-1 (Richmond)
Aludra completed 1942-12-4 (Richmond) Torpedoed 1943-6-23 by RO-103 off New Caldedonia
Cassiopeia completed 1942-12-8 (Richmond)
Celeno completed 1943-1-2 (Richmond)
Cetus completed 1943-1-17 (Richmond)
Deimos completed 1943-1-23 (Richmond Torpedoed 1943-6-23 off New Caldedonia and scuttled
Draco completed 1943-2-16 (Richmond)
Albireo completed 1943-3-29 (Richmond)
Cor Caroli completed 1943-4-16 (Richmond)
Mintaka completed 1943-5-10 (San Diego)
Murzim completed 1943-5-14 (Wilmington)
Sterope completed 1943-5-14 (Portland)
Serpens completed 1943-5-28 (San Diego) Destroyed in accidental explosion 1945-1-23 off Guadalcanal
Etamin arrived 1943-6 
Bootes completed 1943-7-15 (Wilmington)
Lyra completed 1943-7-22 (Richmond)
Lynx completed 1943-7-26 (Wilmington)
Triangulum       completed 1943-7-30 (San Diego)
Ganymede completed 1943-7-31 (Richmond)
Sculptor completed 1943-8-10 (Wilmington)
Naos completed 1943-8-17 (Wilmington)
Hyperion completed 1943-8-25 (San Diego)
Grumium completed 1943-10-20 (Seattle)
Caelum completed 1943-10-22 (Wilmington)     

Allioth completed 1943-10-25 (Richmond)
Leonis completed 1943-10-25 (Portland)
Megrez completed 1943-10-26 (Wilmington)
Alkes completed 1943-10-28 (Richmond)
Azimech completed 1943-10-29 (Richmond)
Giansar completed 1943-10-29 (Portland)
Rutilicus completed 1943-10-30 (San Diego)
Lesuth completed 1943-11-1 (Wilmington)
De Grasse completed 1943-11-8 (Portland)
Livingston completed 1943-11-10 (Wilmington)
Prince Georges     
completed 1943-11-10 (Richmond) Employed as a transport until 1944-8-20.
Kenmore completed 1943-11-14 (Wilmington)
Arided completed 1943-11-23 (Richmond)
Rotanin completed 1943-11-23 (Wilmington)
Alnitah completed 1943-11-27 (Richmond)
Cheleb completed 1944-1-1 (Richmond)
Ara completed 1944-1-4 (Wilmington)
Ascella completed 1944-1-7 (Wilmington)
Pavo completed 1944-1-14 (Wilmington)
Situla completed 1944-1-14 (Portland)
Alkaid arrived 1944-4 
Crux arrived 1944-5-11 
Zaurak arrived 1944-5-19
Alderamin arrived 1944-6 
Shaula arrived 1944-6 
Sabik arrived 1944-6-14 
Menkar arrived 1944-7 
Propus arrived 1944-7 
Matar arrived 1944-7-1 
Phobos arrived 1944-8-6 
Baham arrived 1944-9 
Syrma arrived 1944-9-30-4
Allegan arrived 1944-10 
Appanoose arrived 1944-10 
Melucta arrived 1944-11-17 


References

DANFS

NavSource.Org (accessed 2006-7-4)



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