The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
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Archives #80-G-422491. Cropped by author.
Lemuel Shepherd was born in Virginia and graduated
from the Virginia Military Institute in 1917, accepting a commission
into the Marine Corps. During the First World War, he
participated in the battles of Belleau Woods, Aisne-Marne,
Saint-Mihiel, and Meuse-Argonne, where he was wounded three times and received three American decorations. He
subsequently served as an aide to
legendary Marine Corps commandant John Lejeune, on battleships, and with 4
Regiment in China.
through the ranks and graduated from the Navy War College in 1937. By
the time war broke out in the Pacific, he was regarded as one of the
foremost tacticians of the Corps, and during the war he earned a reputation for leading from the front.
Sheperd was in a training assignment when war broke out. In March 1942 he became commander of 9 Marine Regiment and in January 1943 he became assistant commander of 1 Marine Division on Guadalcanal. He was promoted to brigadier general in July. He participated in the Cape Gloucester landings and commanded 1 Provisional Marine Brigade from April 1944, leading that unit at Guam. Promoted to major general in September, he took command of 6 Marine Division and led it at Okinawa.
Postwar Sheperd served as assistant commandant of the Corps before becoming commander of Fleet Marine Force and observing the Inchon landings during the Korean War. He subsequently became commandant of the Corps and retired in January 1956. He resumed active duty briefly in 1956-1957 to chair an advisory board before retiring permanently.
||Graduates from Virginia Military
Institute. Assigned to Marine Barracks, Port Royal, South Carolina
||5 Marine Regiment, France
||Army of Occupation, Germany
||Mapping expedition, France
||Aide-de-campe, Commandant of the
||Brazilian Exposition, Rio de
||Commander, Marine Sea School
||3 Marine Brigade, Tientsin and Shanghai
||Field Officers' Course
||Executive officer, Marine
Barracks, Washington, D.C.
||Naval War College
||Commander, 2 Battalion, 5
||Staff, Marine Corps Schools
Marine Regiment, 3
||Brigadier general||Assistant commander, 1 Marine Division|
||Commander, 1 Provisional Marine Brigade|
||Commander, Troop Training
Command, Amphibious Forces, Atlantic Fleet
||Chief of staff, Marine Corps
||Commandant, Marine Corps Schools
||Commander, Fleet Marine Force|
||Commandant of the Marine Corps
||Recalled to active duty.
Chairman, Inter-American Defense Board
||Dies at La Jolla, California
Arlington Nationa; Cemetary Website (accessed 2008-6-30)
Dupuy et al. (1992)
Naval Historical Center (accessed 2008-6-30)
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