graduate

Shepherd, Lemuel Cornick Jr. (1896-1990)


Photograph of Lemuel Shepherd

National Archives #80-G-422491. Cropped by author.

Lemuel Shepherd was born in Virginia and graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1917, accepting a commission into the Marine Corps. During the First World War, he participated in the battles of Belleau Woods, Aisne-Marne, Saint-Mihiel, and Meuse-Argonne, where he was wounded three times and received three American decorations. He subsequently served as an aide to legendary Marine Corps commandant John Lejeune, on battleships, and with 4 Marine Regiment in China. He rose steadily through the ranks and graduated from the Navy War College in 1937. By the time war broke out in the Pacific, he was regarded as one of the foremost tacticians of the Corps, and during the war he earned a reputation for leading from the front.

Sheperd was in a training assignment when war broke out. In March 1942 he became commander of 9 Marine Regiment and in January 1943 he became assistant commander of 1 Marine Division on Guadalcanal. He was promoted to brigadier general in July. He participated in the Cape Gloucester landings and commanded 1 Provisional Marine Brigade from April 1944, leading that unit at Guam. Promoted to major general in September, he took command of 6 Marine Division and led it at Okinawa.

Postwar Sheperd served as assistant commandant of the Corps before becoming commander of Fleet Marine Force and observing the Inchon landings during the Korean War. He subsequently became commandant of the Corps and retired in January 1956. He resumed active duty briefly in 1956-1957 to chair an advisory board before retiring permanently.

Service record

1896-2-10       
  born
1917-4-11
Second lieutenant     
Graduates from Virginia Military Institute. Assigned to Marine Barracks, Port Royal, South Carolina
1917-5

5 Marine Regiment, France
1918

Army of Occupation, Germany
1919-7
Captain

1919-9

Mapping expedition, France
1920-12

Aide-de-campe, Commandant of the Corps
1922-7

Brazilian Exposition, Rio de Janeiro
1923-6

BB Idaho
1925

Commander, Marine Sea School
1927-4

3 Marine Brigade, Tientsin and Shanghai
1929

Field Officers' Course
1930

Garde d'Haiti
1934
Major
Executive officer, Marine Barracks, Washington, D.C.
1936
Lieutenant colonel     
Naval War College
1937-5

Commander, 2 Battalion, 5 Marine Regiment
1939-6

Staff, Marine Corps Schools
1942-3     
Colonel
Commander, 9 Marine Regiment, 3 Marine Division
1943-7
Brigadier general Assistant commander, 1 Marine Division
1944-3-22

Commander, 1 Provisional Marine Brigade
1944-9
Major general
Commander, 6 Marine Division, Okinawa
1946-3

Commander, Troop Training Command, Amphibious Forces, Atlantic Fleet
1946-11-1

Chief of staff, Marine Corps
1948-4

Commandant, Marine Corps Schools
1950-6
Lieutenant general     
Commander, Fleet Marine Force
1952-1-1

Commandant of the Marine Corps
1956-1-1

Retires
1956-3

Recalled to active duty. Chairman, Inter-American Defense Board
1959-10-1     

Retires
1990-8-6

Dies at La Jolla, California


References

Arlington Nationa; Cemetary Website (accessed 2008-6-30)

Dupuy et al. (1992)

Hoffman (2001)

Naval Historical Center (accessed 2008-6-30)

Rottman (2002)



Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional