graduate

Japanese 2 Fleet

The 2 Fleet was the scouting force of the Japanese Navy and included most of its formidable heavy cruisers. Under the Japanese Decisive Battle Doctrine, in the event of war with the Americans, it was responsible for carrying out a preliminary night attack against the American fleet with massed torpedoes, after which the heavy guns of the main battle force (1 Fleet) would deliver the coup de grâce.

However, the war played out rather differently. Because of the Japanese reluctance to commit 1 Fleet to the attrition warfare of the South Pacific, the cruisers and destroyers of 2 Fleet fought many of the surface actions of the Pacific War.

Administrative structure, 7 December 1941

2 Fleet (Kondo; at Sanya)

AGP Kamikaze Maru (6900 tons, 14 knots; at Sanya)

Cruiser Division 4 (Kondo)


CA Takao (with Distant Cover Force)


CA Atago (with Distant Cover Force)


CA Chokai (with Main Body)


CA Maya (with Close Covering Force)

Cruiser Division 5 (Takagi; with Legaspi Support Force)


CA Haguro


CA Myoko


CA Nachi

Cruiser Division 7 (Kurita; with Main Body)


CA Kumano


CA Mikuma


CA Mogami


CA Suzuya

Cruiser Division 8 (Abe; with Pearl Harbor Attack Force)


CA Tone


CA Chikuma

Destroyer Squadron 2 (Tanaka)


CL Jintsu (with Legaspi Support Force)


Destroyer Division 8 (with Distant Cover Force)



DD Arashio



DD Asashio



DD Oshio



DD Michishio


Destroyer Division 15 (with Legaspi Support Force)



DD Hayashio



DD Kuroshio



DD Natshushio



DD Oyashio


Destroyer Division 16



DD Yukikaze (with 4th Surprise Attack Force)



DD Tokitsukaze (with 4th Surprise Attack Force)



DD Amatsukaze (with Legaspi Support Force)



DD Hatsukaze (with Legaspi Support Force)


Destroyer Division 18



DD Kagero (with Pearl Harbor Attack Force)



DD Shiranuhi (with Pearl Harbor Attack Force)



DD Kasumi (with First Supply Force)



DD Arare (with Second Supply Force)

Destroyer Squadron 4 (Nishimura; at Magong)


CL Naka (with Second Surprise Attack Force)


Destroyer Division 2 (with Second Surprise Attack Force)



DD Harusame



DD Murasame



DD Samidare



DD Yudachi


Destroyer Division 4 (with Distant Cover Force)



DD Maikaze



DD Nowake



DD Hagikaze



DD Arashi (possibly with Main Body?)


Destroyer Division 9



DD Asagumo (with Second Surprise Attack Force)



DD Minegumo (with Second Surprise Attack Force)



DD Natsugumo (with Second Surprise Attack Force)



DD Yamagumo (with Third Surprise Attack Force)


Destroyer Division 24 (with 4th Surprise Attack Force)



DD Yamakaze



DD Suzukaze



DD Umikaze
      DD Kawakaze

Task forces

Distant Cover Force (Kondo; in South China Sea)      


First section, Battleship Division 3 On loan from First Fleet


BB Haruna


BB Kongo

First section, Cruiser Division 4 (Kondo)


CA Takao


CA Atago

Element, Destroyer Division 6 On loan from DesRon1, First Fleet


DD Akatsuki


DD Hibiki

Elements, Destroyer Squadron 2 (Tanaka)


Destroyer Division 8



DD Arashio



DD Asashio



DD Oshio



DD Michishio


Destroyer Division 4 On loan from DesRon4



DD Maikaze



DD Nowake
      DD Hagikaze

Main Body (Ozawa; in Gulf of Siam)      

CA Chokai
From CruDiv4

Cruiser Division 7 (Kurita)


CA Kumano


CA Mikuma


CA Mogami


CA Suzuya

Elements, Destroyer Squadron 3 On loan from First Fleet


CL Kashii


Destroyer Division 11



DD Fubuki



DD Hatsuyuki



DD Shirayuki
      DD Sagirii On loan from DesDiv20

Singora Attack Force (off Singora)

Elements, Destroyer Division 20
On loan from DesRon3, First Fleet


DD Amagiri


DD Asagiri


DD Yugiri


DD Isonami On loan from DesDiv19

Seaplane Tender Squadron 12 On loan from Third Fleet


CVS Kamikawa Maru



6 F1M2 Pete



2 E8N Dave



4 E13A Jake


AV Sagara Maru On loan from Base Force 9, Southern Fleet



6 F1M2 Pete
      2 E8N Dave

AP Ryujo Maru (10,479 tons, 9.5 knots)       Army command ship

AP Horai Maru (9192 tons, 14.5 knots) Army pool

AK Taizan Maru (3525 tons) Army pool

AM W-1
AM W-3
AM W-4


10 other AP from the Army pool

5 Division HQ plus 41 Regiment


Patani Attack Force (off Patani) Appears to have been a force of fast transports and cargo carriers without escort.
  AP Tozan Maru (8666 tons)


AP Kinka Maru (9305 tons, 17 knots)

AK Azosan Maru (8812 tons, 16.5 knots)      

AK Toro Maru (1932 tons)

1 other AK

42 Regiment Detached from 5 Division, 25 Army.

Kota Baharu Attack Force (Hashimoto; landing troops at Kota Baharu)      

Elements, Destroyer Squadron 3 On loan from First Fleet


CL Sendai


Destroyer Division 12



DD Murakumo



DD Shinonome



DD Shirakumo


Destroyer Division 19



DD Ayaname



DD Shikiname
      DD Uraname

AP Sakura Maru (7167 tons, 18 knots)

AP Awagisan Maru (9794 tons, 17 knots) Sunk 1941-12-8 by aircraft off Kota Baharu

AP Ayatosan Maru (9788 tons, 17 knots)

AM W-2


56 Regiment (Hiroshi Takumi)

References

CombinedFleet.com (accessed 2007-3-15)

Evans and Peattie (1997)

Morison (1948)

Willmott (1982)

http://www.freeport-tech.com/WWII (accessed 2002; now defunct)


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional