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Kagero Class, Japanese Destroyers


Photograph
                  of IJN Yukikaze, a Kagero-class destroyer

Wikimedia Commons

Schematic of Asashio-class
                destroyer

ONI 41-42


Specifications:


Tonnage

2033 tons standard displacement

Dimensions

388'10" by 35'5" by 12'4"
118.52m by 10.80m by 3.76m

Maximum speed      

35 knots

Complement

240

Armament

3x2 5"/50 dual-purpose guns
2x2 25mm/60 AA guns
2x4 Long Lance torpedo tubes (1 reload)
2 depth charge throwers (16 depth charges)
Machinery
2-shaft geared turbine (52,000 shp)
3 Kampon boilers
Bunkerage
600 tons fuel oil

Range

5000 nautical miles (22,000km) at 18 knots
Modifications
1943: Light antiaircraft modified to 2x2, 2x3 25mm guns.

Late 1943: One 5" turret replaced by 2x3 25mm guns. Type 13 and Type 22 radar fitted.

1944: 14 single 25mm guns added


The Kageros or Type A destroyers were completed in 1939-41 and took full advantage of the lapse of the naval treaties. With Japan rapidly becoming a military oligarchy, they were constructed with little regard for financial restrictions as well. With the design going back to 1937, they drew upon every lesson learned from Japanese destroyer design through the Asashio class (which they very closely resembled).

Construction was welded internally, but riveting was retained for the outer shell. The machinery was of a new lightweight type with improved efficiency. The boilers had air preheat and operated at higher temperature and pressure than earlier designs.

Unsurprisingly, they were very powerful units with excellent firepower, strength, and range, lacking only somewhat in speed. They were superior to any Western destroyer of 1939.


Units in the Pacific:

Hamakaze

Pearl Harbor Attack Force (Nagumo)

Sunk by aircraft 1945-4-7 off Okinawa

Isokaze

Pearl Harbor Attack Force (Nagumo)

Sunk by aircraft 1945-4-7 off Okinawa

Tanikaze

Pearl Harbor Attack Force (Nagumo)

Torpedoed by Harder 1944-6-9 off Tawitawi

Urakaze

Pearl Harbor Attack Force (Nagumo)

Torpedoed by Sealion 1944-11-16 off Formosa

Kagero

Pearl Harbor Attack Force (Nagumo)

Mined 1943-5-7 off Kolombangara

Shiranuhi

Pearl Harbor Attack Force (Nagumo)

Sunk by aircraft 1944-10-26 off Iloilo
Akigumo Pearl Harbor Attack Force (Nagumo) Torpedoed by Redfin 1944-4-11 off Zamboanga
Maikaze Distant Cover Force (Kondo) in the South China Sea Sunk by gunfire 1944-2-17 off Truk
Nowaki Distant Cover Force (Kondo) in the South China Sea Sunk by gunfire 1944-10-26 off Legaspi
Hagikaze Distant Cover Force (Kondo) in the South China Sea     
Sunk by gunfire and torpedoes 1943-8-7 at Vella Gulf
Yukikaze Fourth Surprise Attack Force (Legaspi)
Tokitsukaze Fourth Surprise Attack Force (Legaspi) Sunk by aircraft 1943-3-4 in the Bismarck Sea
Amatsukaze       Legaspi Support Force Sunk by aircraft 1945-4-6 off Amoy
Hatsukaze Legaspi Support Force Sunk by gunfire 1944-11-2 at Empress Augusta Bay
Hayashio Legaspi Support Force Sunk by aircraft 1942-11-24 in the Solomons
Kuroshio Legaspi Support Force Mined 1943-5-8 off Kolombangara
Natsushio Legaspi Support Force Torpedoed by S-37 1942-2-9 off Makassar
Oyashio Legaspi Support Force Sunk by mines and aircraft 1943-5-8 off Kolombangara
Arashi
Main Body Sunk by gunfire and torpedoes 1943-8-7 at Vella Gulf


Photo Gallery


Forward quarter view of Kagero-class destroyer

Wikimedia Commons

Profile view of Kagero-class destroyer

Wikimedia Commons


References

CombinedFleet.com (accessed 2009-12-23)

Prange (1981)

Whitley (1988)

Worth (2001)



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