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Matsu Class, Japanese Destroyer Escorts


Photograph of Japanese Matsu-class destroyer escort

Kure Maritime Museum. Via Wikipedia Commons.


Specifications:


Tonnage

1262 tons standard

Dimensions

328'1" by 30'8" by 10'10"
100m by 9.35m by 3.3m

Maximum speed      

27.8 knots
Complement
211

Armament

1x2, 1x1 5"/40 dual-purpose guns
4x3, 12x1 25mm/60 AA guns
1x4 24" Long Lance torpedo tubes; no reloads
2 depth charge tracks (36 depth charges)
2 depth charge throwers
Machinery
2-shaft Kampon geared turbine (19,000 shp)
2 Kampon boilers
Bunkerage
370 tons

Range

4680 nautical miles (8640km) at 16 knots
Sensors
Type 13 radar
Type 22 radar
Modifications
Take and others modified to transport Kaiten


The Matsus were Japan's first attempt at an escort destroyer suitable for mass construction. Conceived in 1942, they were very loosely based on the Yugumos but had only two boilers and used a hull form that eliminated as many curved plates as possible. The weatherproof gun houses used by Japanese destroyers since the late 1920s were abandoned for simpler, more antiaircraft-capable mounts that were only partially shielded. Electric welding was used extensively in their construction. The Matsus were the first Japanese destroyer type ships to alternate boiler and engine rooms, as survivability was a priority in their design.

Eleven additional units were ordered but cancelled in favor of simpler designs.

Units in the Pacific:

Matsu

Completed 1944-4-28 (Maizuru)     

Sunk by aircraft and gunfire 1944-8-4 50 miles northwest of Chichi-jima
Momo
Completed 1944-6-10 (Maizuru)     Torpedoed 1944-12-15 by Hawkbill off Luzon
Take
Completed 1944-6-16 (Yokosuka)     

Ume
Completed 1944-6-28 (Osaka)
Sunk by aircraft 1945-1-31 off Formosa
Kuwa
Completed 1944-7-25 (Osaka) Sunk by gunfire 1944-12-3 off Ormoc
Maki
Completed 1944-8-10 (Maizuru)    
Kiri
Completed 1944-8-14 (Yokosuka)     
Sugi
Completed 1944-8-25 (Osaka)
Momi
Completed 1944-9-7 (Yokosuka)    
Sunk by aircraft 1945-1-5 off Manila
Hinoki
Completed 1944-9-30 (Yokosuka)     Sunk by gunfire 1945-1-7 off Manila
Kashi
Completed 1944-9-30 (Osaka)
Kaya
Completed 1944-9-30 (Maizuru)    
Kaede
Completed 1944-10-30 (Yokosuka)   

Sakura
Completed 1944-11-25 (Yokosuka)    
Mined 1945-7-11 at Osaka
Nara
Completed 1944-11-26 (Osaka)
Tsubaki     
Completed 1944-11-30 (Maizuru)   

Keyaki
Completed 1944-12-15 (Yokosuka)  

Yanagi
Completed 1945-1-18 (Osaka)


References

CombinedFleet.com (accessed 2007-12-27)

Gogin (2010; accessed 2012-12-29)

Whitley (1988)



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