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Yugumo Class, Japanese Destroyers


Photograph of Yugumo-class destroyer

Wikimedia Commons

Schematic of Yugumo-class destroyer

ONI 222


Specifications:


Tonnage

2077 tons standard displacement

Dimensions

391' by 35'5" by 12'4"
119.17m by 10.8m by 3.76m

Maximum speed      

35 knots

Complement

228

Armament

3x2 5"/50 dual-purpose guns
2x2 25mm AA guns
2x4 Long Lance torpedo tubes
4 depth charge throwers (36 depth charges)
Machinery
2-shaft geared turbines (52,000 shp)
3 Kampon boilers

Range

5000 nautical miles (22,000km) at 18 knots
Modifications
Early units were built with an extra 2x1 25mm gun and later units had one less 5" gun and added 3x2 25mm guns. Those completed in 1943-1944 retained all their 5" guns while adding the 3x2 25mm guns.

1943: Type 22 radar added.

1944: 14x1 25mm guns and 4x1 13mm/76 AA guns added to all units.


The Yugumos were ordered in 1939 and 1941 and completed in 1941-1944. They were essentially a repeat of the Kagero class. One difference was that the main armament was mounted in Type "D" gun houses and could be elevated to 70 degrees, increasing the effectiveness of the guns in the antiaircraft role. In spite of their fighting qualities, none survived the war. Eight units beyond those listed below were planned but canceled.


Units in the Pacific:

Akigumo     

Pearl Harbor Attack Force (Nagumo)     

Torpedoed 1944-4-11 by Redfin in the Sulu Archipelago
Yugumo
Completed 1941-12-15 (Maizuru)
Sunk by gunfire 1943-11-6/7 in the Solomon Islands
Makigumo
Completed 1942-3-14 (Fujinagata)
Mined 1943-2-1 off Savo Island
Kazakumo     
Completed 1942-3-18 (Uraga)
Torpedoed 1944-6-8 by Rake in Davao Gulf.
Naganami
Completed 1942-6-30 (Fujinagata) Sunk by aircraft 1944-11-11 northeast of Cebu
Makinami
Completed 1942-8-18 (Maizuru) Sunk by gunfire and torpedoes 1943-11-25 off Cape St. George
Takanami
Completed 1942-8-31 (Uraga) Sunk by gunfire 1942-12-1 off Guadalcanal
Onami
Completed 1942-12-29 (Fujinagata) Sunk by gunfire and torpedoes 1943-11-25 off Cape St. George
Kiyonami
Completed 1943-1-25 (Uraga) Sunk by aircraft 1943-7-20 off Kolombangara
Tamanami
Completed 1943-4-30 (Fujinagata) Torpedoed 1944-7-7 by Mingo off Manila
Suzunami
Completed 1943-7-27 (Uraga) Sunk by aircraft 1943-11-11 at Rabaul
Fujinami
Completed 1943-7-31(Fujinagata) Sunk by aircraft 1944-10-27 off Iloilo
Hayanami
Completed 1943-7-31 (Maizuru) Torpedoed 1944-6-7 by Harder east of Borneo
Hamanami
Completed 1943-10-5 (Maizuru) Sunk by aircraft 1944-11-11 northeast of Cebu
Asashimo
Completed 1943-11-27 (Fujinagata) Sunk by aircraft 1945-5-7 150 miles southwest of Nagasaki
Kishinami
Completed 1943-12-3 (Uraga) Torpedoed 1944-12-4 by Flasher in Luzon Straits
Okinami
Completed 1943-12-10 (Maizuru) Sunk by aircraft 1944-11-13 off Manila
Hayashimo
Completed 1944-2-20 (Maizuru) Sunk by aircraft 1944-10-26 southeast of Mindoro
Akishimo
Completed 1944-3-11 (Fujinagata) Sunk by aircraft 1944-11-13 off Manila
Kiyoshimo
Completed 1944-5-15 (Uraga) Torpedoed 1944-12-26 by PT-223 south of Manila


Photo Gallery

Bow view of Yugumo-class destroyer

Wikimedia

Overhead view of Yugumo-class destroyer

ONI 41-42


References

CombinedFleet.com

Gogin (2010; accesed 2013-2-9)

Whitley (1988)

Worth (2001)



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