graduate

T-1 Class, Japanese Fast Attack Transports


Photograph of T-1 class landing ship

Wikimedia Commons


Specifications:


Tonnage 1500 tons
Dimensions
314'0" by 33'6" by 11'10"
95.71m by 10.22m by 3.61m
Maximum speed       22 knots
Armament
2 5"/40 dual-purpose guns
15 25mm/60 AA guns
4 depth charge throwers (42 depth charges)
Machinery
1-shaft geared turbine (9500 shp)
2 boilers
Range
3700 nautical miles (6900 km) at 18 knots
Cargo
One of:
  480 troops of the SNLF
  500 tons cargo
  4 Daihatsu and 260 tons cargo
  7 Type 2 amphibious tanks plus 220 tons cargo
  2 Koryu midget submarines and 184 tons cargo
  6 Kaiten and 243 tons cargo
Modifications
1944-5: 42 depth charges
1944-9: 26 25mm guns, 15 13mm/76 machine guns
1945: Type 22 radar
Sensors
Type 22 radar


The T-1s were transports based on the Matsu class and designed to carry landing craft and amphibious tanks.  One set of machinery was removed to make room for the troops and cargo, which limited their speed. They were quite versatile as shown by the variety of possible cargo loadouts. Landing craft were launched off of stern rollers.

Unfortunately for the Japanese, they were completed at a time when the Allies were doing all the invading. However, the ships were pressed into service to reinforce the Leyte garrison.


Units in the Pacific:

T-1     
Completed 1944-5-10     
Sunk by aircraft 1944-6-27 off Palau
T-4 Completed 1944-6-15 Sunk by aircraft 1944-8-4 off Chichi Jima
T-2     
Completed 1944-6-25
Sunk by aircraft 1944-8-5 off Chichi Jima
T-3
Completed 1944-6-29
Grounded 1944-9-14 off Mindanao
T-8
Completed 1944-8-13
Sunk by gunfire 1944-12-24 off Chichi Jima
T-7
Completed 1944-8-15
Sunk by gunfire 1944-12-27 near 141.3E 24.8N
T-6
Completed 1944-8-19
Sunk by aircraft 1944-11-25 at Balanacan
T-9
Completed 1944-8-28

T-5
Completed 1944-9-14
Sunk by aircraft 1944-9-14 off Mindanao
T-10
Completed 1944-9
Sunk by aircraft 1944-11-25 at Balanacan
T-13
Completed 1944-11-1

T-11
Completed 1944-11-5
Sunk by aircraft 1944-12-7 off Leyte
T-12     
Completed 1944-11-11     
Torpedoed 1944-12-13 off Takao by Pintado
T-14
Completed 1944-12-18
Sunk by aircraft 1945-1-15 off Takao
T-15
Completed 1944-12-20
Torpedoed 1945-1-17 off Kagoshima by Tautog
T-16
Completed 1944-12-31

T-17
Completed 1945-2-8
Sunk 1945-4-2 off Amami Oshima
T-18
Completed 1945-2-12
Missing from 1945-3-18 off Kyushu
T-19
Completed 1945-3-16     

T-20
Completed 1945-4-23

T-21
Completed 1945-7-15
Sunk by aircraft 1945-8-10 off Tsuwajima Island


References

CombinedFleet.com (accessed 2009-12-25)

Gogin (2010; accessed 2013-4-18)

Jentschura, Jung, and Mickel (1977)

Materials of IJN (accessed 2009-12-25)

Worth (2001)



Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional