The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
|Previous: Tribal class, Australian destroyers||Table of Contents||Next: TRIDENT|
|Tonnage||1854 tons standard displacement
2519 tons fully loaded
|Dimensions||377' by 36'6" by 9'
114.9m by 11.1m by 2.75m
|Maximum speed||36 knots|
1x2 4"/45 DP guns
1x4 2 pdr
2x1 40mm Bofors AA guns
4x2 20mm Oerlikon AA guns
1x4 21" torpedoes
Depth charge tracks (46 depth charges)
||2-shaft Parsons geared turbine
3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers
|Bunkerage||524 tons fuel oil|
|Range||5700 nautical miles (10,600 km) at 15 knots|
||Type 285 fire control radar
Type 291 air search radar
Type 293 fire control radar
Type 124 sonar
Surface and air warning radars were added.
The new limits on cruisers imposed by the London Treaty of 1930 left the British Navy deeply concerned about its ability to provide an adequate force of fleet cruisers. At the same time, the powerful Japanese Fubukis clearly outclassed existing British destroyer classes. The British briefly considered a Scout Cruiser class, but chose instead to design a powerful destroyer leader initially known as the "V Leader." This eventually became "Tribal" class, so named because the ships were named after various indigenous peoples of the British Empire. Early design documents also identify it as the "Support Destroyer."
The "Tribals" were designed to be the most powerful ship
that could be built within the destroyer leader treaty limit of 1850
tons standard displacement. They emphasized gun armament at the expense
of torpedoes, duplicating the twin turret gun armament of the Fubukis. The ships also carried good communications equipment and sophisticated fire control in the form of a director tower. The design was much liked by the Naval Staff and the commander of Home Fleet, but disliked by the commander of Mediterranean Fleet, who wanted the antiaircraft
firepower of a real cruiser. After much debate, the design was adopted
and sixteen units ordered for 1935 and 1936.
As with most other warships of the Pacific War, the
"Tribals" received numerous improvements to their antiaircraft defenses.
The original 4.7" guns could only be elevated to 40 degrees,
which the navy optimistically believed was still sufficient to engage
approaching bombers for a useful period of time. This proved not to be
the case, and by the time the first "Tribals" arrived in the Far East,
one of the 4.7" turrets had been replaced with a 4" turret having real
antiaircraft capability. Numerous light
antiaircraft guns had also been shipped to supplement the original
four-barrel pom pom and replace the almost useless quadruple 0.50
machine gun mounts.
The most distinctive feature of the ship was a new bridge structure giving a lower silhouette, which was thought important in night combat.
Because of the relatively light torpedo armament and heavy gun armament of these ships, Friedman (2006) has described them as "not really destroyers." In some respects they reflected the original concept of scout cruisers, but with no armor protection.
The "Tribals" proved one of the most successful British destroyer designs, seeing so much action that only four survived into 1945. However, these remained in service until 1948, unlike most destroyers designed before the war.
|Arrived 1945-2-7 (Trincomalee)
||Arrived 1945-3-23 (Trincomalee)|
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